Data and Maps
HVRC GIS Resources
What is geospatial data and GIS?
Geospatial data describes how something occupies or is distributed across space. It typically combines location information (such as latitude and longitude) and attribute information (characteristics of the object, event, or phenomena of interest) with temporal information (time span or period at which the location and attributes exist). Geospatial technology refers to any technology that is used for gathering, manipulating, storing, and presenting geographical information. GIS, geographic information system, is one type of geospatial technology that creates, manages, analyzes, and maps out that data into a visual representation. It is an extremely useful tool that enables individuals and organizations to see, analyze, and understand patterns and relationships among different elements more easily.
EDA Economic or Income Distress
The US Department of Commerce Economic Development Administration developed distress criteria to determine census tracts with an unemployment rate at least one percentage point greater than the national average unemployment rate and/or per capita income that is 80 percent or less than the national average per capita income. The EDA bases its determination for per capita requirements upon the most recent American Community Survey (ACS) published by the U.S. Census Bureau Projects and for unemployment rate upon the most recent data published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) within the U.S. Department of Labor. Communities located in distress-identified census tracts that pursue EDA funding may have a higher likelihood of receiving an award.
Justice40 and New York State (NYS) Disadvantaged Communities
The Justice40 Initiative seeks to deliver 40% of the overall benefits of certain Federal investments to Disadvantaged Communities. A census tract is considered disadvantaged if they meet the thresholds for at least one of the eight categories of burden: climate change, clean energy and energy efficiency, clean transit, affordable and sustainable housing, reduction and remediation of legacy pollution, critical clean water and wastewater infrastructure, health burdens, and training and workforce development. Communities are considered disadvantaged if they are in census tracts that meet the thresholds for at least one of the tool’s categories of burden, or they are on land within the boundaries of Federally Recognized Tribes.
The NYS Disadvantaged Communities (DACs) Designation, formulated by the Climate Justice Working Group (CJWG), identifies census tracts as DACs based on 45 indicators representing environmental burdens and climate change risks. Each census tract is scored based on a combined score of each indicator and population characteristics and health vulnerabilities. Census tracts with the top 35% of combined scores are considered DACs, as well as tracts that contain federally designated reservation territory or State-recognized Nation-owned land are automatically included as DACs—regardless of percentile ranking on these indicators.
Given that the state and federal government must invest 40% of climate and energy funding to Disadvantaged Communities as mandated by the Justice40 Initiative and Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act, including this information where applicable as part of grant applications should be beneficial to the scoring process.
The Census Tract - Address Crosswalk, developed by HVRC using data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Stats America, NYSERDA, and U.S. CEQ, is a tool that can be used to locate a project’s census tract and determine if that census tract has been designated as distressed or disadvantaged under the mapped criteria. The Census Tract Crosswalk is directly related to the information provided on maps titled: Justice40 & NYS Designated Disadvantaged Communities and 2021 U.S. DOC EDA Distress Criteria.
NYS Data Center
The Hudson Valley Regional Council is a New York State Data Center.
The New York State Data Center (NYSDC) is located in the Division of Research and Statistics within the New York State Department of Labor. The State Data Center operates as part of a nationwide effort to improve public access to data provided by the U.S. Census Bureau.
The U.S. Census Bureau collects and tabulates data on a multitude of subjects such as population, social, economic and housing demographics, labor force data, health care, migration and transportation. These data play a critical role in understanding our local and larger surrounding communities. Census data also influence state and federal funding, aid decision making in the legislative process, and determine each state's number of congressional seats.
The State Data Center (SDC) Program is one of the Census Bureau's longest and most successful partnerships. The partnership between the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the island areas (American Samoa, Guam, The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Virgin Islands) and the Census Bureau was created in 1978 to make data available locally to the public through a network of state agencies, universities, libraries, and regional and local governments.
Please contact us for assistance.
In 2017 a set of County Profileswere generated for each county in New York State. The County Profiles were developed and generated by the Cornell Program on Applied Demographics. The work was sponsored by the New York State Data Center in the New York State Department of Labor.
County Demographics: County Profiles
- Data.NY.Gov: Browse and download over 1,600 New York State data resources on topics ranging from farmers’ markets to solar photovoltaic projects to MTA turnstile usage.
- Environmental Public Health Tracking: New York's Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) Program focuses on tracking environmental and health patterns and trends. Environmental Public Health Tracking is a national program led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is intended to improve access to environmental health information and support research, programs and policies that may help protect our communities.
- New York State Department of Labor
- United States Census Bureau
- US Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics
- NYS Department of Conservation’s Interactive online Maps:
- The Environmental Resource Mapper is an interactive mapping application that can be used to identify some of New York State's natural resources and environmental features that are state protected, or of conservation concern.
- The Hudson Valley Natural Resource Mapper is a tool for viewing maps of natural features in the Hudson River estuary watershed to inform conservation and land-use planning. Resources shown include estuary habitats, streams, wetlands, forests, and biodiversity areas, as well as Hudson River recreation sites and protected lands.
- Hudson River Flood Impacts Decision Support System (HRFIDSS): This tool allows users to assess the impacts of flood inundation posed by sea level rise, storm surge, and rain events on communities bordering the lower Hudson River north of NYC.
- PolicyMap: PolicyMap offers easy-to-use online mapping with data on demographics, real estate, health, jobs and more in communities across the US. From the classroom to the boardroom, thousands of organizations trust PolicyMap to find the right data for their research, market studies, business planning, site selection, grant applications and impact analysis.
- Renewable Energy
- Re-Powering America’s Land Initiative: US Environmental Protection Agency’s RE-Powering Mapper, an online interactive web application, allows users to visualize EPA’s information about renewable energy potential on contaminated lands, landfills and mine sites.
- NY Solar Map: Estimates rooftop and ground mount solar electric potential (PV panels) and connects you to local solar resources.